Increasing the athlete’s performance means using and managing the physiological stress of the body strategically, generating adaptations that can be better tolerated in the competition.

Training principles that can optimize performance can be represented in:
• Specificity;
• Progressive loads;
• Individuality;
• Reversibility.



Based on the theory of supercompensation, the body adaptations are specific to its stimulus. To improve a specific discipline, such as running, exercises and movements must follow patterns of movement of the race itself. And specificity also refers to the physiological adaptations imposed on the organism.

Progressive Loads


According to the supercompensation theory, a progressive stimulus is necessary in order to obtain the desired response. To create overload, the stress of training should involve intensity, duration or frequency. In triathlons, cardiovascular capacity is increased by stimulating the body to increasingly swim, pedal and run greater distances, as well as higher speeds.



Each individual responds differently to the stress of training. Coach should be cautious regarding comparison between athletes.



If the stimulus is not constantly introduced, adaptations will be lost and the body will revert to its previous condition.

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